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Heart, soul and US design patents -- and partial claiming
Cooper Woodring
Class 99 is delighted to be hosting a second guest piece from our friend Sarah Burstein, who will soon be coming over to Europe to participate in a very interesting all-star Oxford conference on the future of design protection.  Sarah's current thoughts, below, focus on "partial claiming" as a means of enhancing U.S. design protection. This is what she says:

Heart, soul and US design patents
 Fast Company has a new interview with industrial designer—and design patent expert witness extraordinaire—Cooper WoodringThe entire interview is fascinating and a must-read for anyone interested in US design patent law. This portion, however, really stood out to me:
FC: The most common kind of patent is a utility patent, which covers a product's function. They’ve long been the subject of litigation. Why haven’t design patents? Woodring: Twenty years ago, design patents were considered unenforceable because applicants, at the behest of lawyers, were too specific in their sketches—they depicted all the gory details of an entire product. Copycats would then argue, “Our design is different. We changed the screws.” Now companies only patent the parts of a product that represent its “heart and soul,” like Apple's “flat, transparent, edge-to-edge front and rounded corners.” That’s new, and enforceable (emphasis added.)  
Although I haven’t done any empirical research on this topic, it does appear that some companies are increasingly utilizing partial claiming in order to obtain broader design patent rights. But these companies don’t only claim the “heart and soul” of their designs. The game works like this. First, the company files an application that claims the entire design of a new product. Then, while that application is pending, the company files one or more continuation applications (or, in certain circumstances, divisional applications) that claim discrete portions of the design.
 While these later-claimed portions might cover the “heart and soul” of the overall design, there is no reason to believe that this is always—or even often—the case. To the contrary, it appears that patentees use this strategy in order to broaden their claims to cover competing products. (Perry Saidman explains how this works, with an illuminating real-life example, in section III(C) of this article.)
 So just because a design patent only claims a part of a design, that doesn’t necessarily mean it claims an important part—let alone the “heart and soul”—of the design. It might just mean that the patentee found that portion to be a useful weapon against its competitors.
Posted by: Blog Administrator @ 23.12
Tags: partial claiming, United States,
Perm-A-Link: https://www.marques.org/blogs/class99?XID=BHA377

MARQUES does not guarantee the accuracy of the information in this blog. The views are those of the individual contributors and do not necessarily reflect those of MARQUES. Seek professional advice before action on any information included here.

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