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Now in its twelfth year, Class 46 is dedicated to European trade mark law and practice. This weblog is written by a team of enthusiasts who want to spread the word and share their thoughts with others.

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Anthonia Ghalamkarizadeh
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MONDAY, 19 JULY 2010
Poland: secondary meaning and distinctiveness

The Polish Patent Office (PPO) refused to grant the right of protection for "100 panoramicznych" trade mark (100 panoramic) Z-241510 applied for goods in class 16 such as brochures, books, journals, magazines, titles of magazines. The PPO held that this trade mark lacks sufficient distinctive character and that the sign is purely descriptive and therefore can not be covered by the right of protection. Agencja Wydawnicza TECHNOPOL Spółka z o.o. being the applicant in this case, filed a complaint.

The Voivodeship Administrative Court in Warsaw in its judgment of 11 May 2010 case file VI SA/Wa 369/10, held that secondary meaning is the result of a genuine and consistent use of a trade mark by the entrepreneur, in order to indicate in this way, the origin of the goods. The assessment of whether a sign has a secondary meaning must be decided by examining all the facts such as time of use, its market share, the ways and intensity of use, and all the data showing that a given group of customers will evidently assign the sign and the goods to a particular trader. The VAC repealed the PPO's decision and ruled as unenforceable.
Posted by: Tomasz Rychlicki @ 15.57
Tags: The Polish Patent Office, Polish Act on Industrial Property Law, Voivodeship Administrative Court, acquired distinctiveness, secondary meaning,
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